Paul Bosco Coins and Medals

Medals of Louis XIV, 1643-1715

 

A rare contemporary medal from the period before the uniform series of 1692, or those of 1702 and 1723.

In the first six decades of the reign of Louis XIV, medals were issued soon after the events they commemorated, with obverses by leading engravers from the contemporary likeness of the king and allegorical reverses chosen on an ad hoc basis by the Petite Acadˇmie; most of these were in the range of 50 to 60 mm. in diameter. These were replaced in the standard series of 1692 (70 mm.) and then those of 1702 and 1723 (both 41 mm.), and were generally not restruck, so are rarely encountered today.

 

Medal for the Twenty Years Truce between France, Spain and the Netherlands, 1684, by Michel Molart, struck bronze, 58 mm., no edge punches, Virturally Perfect, $650.

Ménestrier, Histoire du roy Louis le Grand par les mˇdailles, 1689, pl.24; Van Loon III, 294. The reverse shows the figure of Victory holding a caduceus, symbol of negotiation, and an olive wreath implying victory, and the legend IVSSIT QVIESCERE ŅHe ordered reposeÓ, and in the exergue INDVCIAE ŅtruceÓ.

 

The Uniform Series of 1702 and 1723

The Sun King was the first ruler to produce a unified series of medals marking the events of his reign. In fact, in the course of his long reign, he produced three such series, and established an academy specifically to invent the Latin legends and classical imagery for these pieces. The greatest numismatic artists of the day engraved the dies for the portrait obverses and for the reverse events. The academy selected eight painted portraits of the king at various ages, which were drawn by Antoine Coypel and engraved as obverse dies by Jean Mauger, who was also responsible for the engraving of many of the reverses.

Portraits of Louis XIV at progressive ages engraved for the obverses of the 1702 series by Jean Mauger

 

The 286 medals of the 41 mm. size were issued as a group in 1702 along with a deluxe folio volume entitled Mˇdailles sur les principaux ˇvˇnements du r¸gne de Louis le Grand, avec des explications historiques illustrating each and explaining the legends and iconography (downloadable at http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k1041715f) . In the next two decades some of the reverses were revised, and in 1723 a new catalogue illustrated the revised medals as well as those created for the last years of the reign (downloadable at http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k1329711) . For an account of the composition of this series, see Alan M. Stahl, ŅAncient and Modern in the Medallic Series of Louis XIV,Ó The Medal, 67 (Autumn, 2015), 4-11.

 

The Catalogue Numbers below refer to those in the original 1702 and 1723 publications, which have been taken up in subsequent listings, most recently by Jean-Paul Divo, Mˇdailles de Louis XIV (Zurich, 1982).

 

AN INTERESTING HISTORICAL NOTE, not without whimsy. History is written by the winners, unless you outlive them. Which the Sun King did. Paul once asked Laurent Stefanini, the French diplomat, numismatist and (most importantly) customer, why the French made medals commemorating battles they lost. He responded : Ē Over time, they became victories Č.

The Paris Mint has traditionally restruck medals any time its inventory of a given issue was exhausted. Only precious metal strikings were edge-marked (with an antique lamp) from 1832-41. Thereafter, the name of the metal was stamped into the edge, incused. A medal struck in 1702 is seldom distinguishable from a striking done 130+ years later, so both are considered Ē originals Č, even if a later obverse die was used, mismatching the KingÕs age and the date of the event.

Except as otherwise noted, all offered here are struck in bronzed copper (ŌcuivreÕ in French), 41 mm., and without edge stamps.

PRICES: With the fall of the Euro from about $1.25-1.35 to about $1.13, we have lowered our prices for typical pieces from $195 to $179, and to $500 for three. Pieces related to Germany, Italy and Spain are a bit higher, and those related to Poland and Russia higher still. French and American colonies are much higher. In time, we will price all the medals listed here, but inquiries are welcome at pauljbosco@covad.net .

Nearly all the medals are Extremely Fine to (About) Mint State.

 

Year

Event

Obverse

Reverse

Cat. #

condition

price

 

 

signature

signature

 

 

 

1643

Death of Louis XIII

J. Mauger

 

3

 

 

1643

Elevation of Louis XIV

J. Mauger

Thomas Bernard

4

 

 

1643

Capture of Trino and Pontestura 

J. Mauger

 

8

 

 

1644

Capture of 30 cities

J. Mauger

 

13

 

 

1648

Capture of Tortosa

J. Mauger

 

26

 

 

1648

Peace of Westphalia

J. Mauger

Jean Le Blanc

28

 

 

1654

Arras liberated

J. Mauger

 

38

 

 

1654

14 cities taken

J. Mauger

 

39

 

 

1655

Capture of Landrecy, Conde and

J. Mauger

 

41

 

 

 

Saint Guislain

 

 

 

 

 

1656

Establishment of the H™pital Gˇnˇral

J. Mauger

 

42

 

 

1656

Queen Christina enters Paris

J. Mauger

 

43

 

 

1656

Queen Christina welcomed

J. Mauger

Jean Dollin

[44]

 

 

 

Not in the 1702 catalogue,

 

 

 

 

 

 

as #44 in the 1723 catalogue.

 

 

 

 

 

1656

Capture of La Capelle

J. Mauger

Jean Dollin

[46]

 

 

 

This event is commemorated in the

 

 

 

 

 

 

1702 catalogue as #45 with a different reverse; it appears with this reverse as

 

 

 

 

 

 

#46 in the 1723 catalogue.

 

 

 

 

 

1658

Capture of Mortaria

J. Mauger

 

51

 

 

1660

Marriage to Maria Teresia

J. Mauger

 

56

 

 

1660

Empress Maria Teresia enters Paris

J. Mauger

 

58

 

 

1661

The King takes the reins of the state

J. Mauger

 

59

 

 

1661

The secret of the counsels

J. Mauger

 

62

 

SOLD

1661

Homage of the Duke of Lorraine

J. Mauger

 

64

 

 

1662

Promotion of the Order of the Holy Spirit

J. Mauger

 

66

 

 

1662

Royal generosity during the famine

J. Mauger

 

69

 

 

1662

Dunkerque recovered

J. Mauger

 

71

 

 

1662

Fortification of Phillipsbourg

J. Mauger

 

 

 

 

 

This reverse does not appear in either

 

 

 

 

 

 

the 1702 or the 1723 catalogue; it is

 

 

 

 

 

 

illustrated in the unofficial 1692

 

 

 

 

 

 

catalogue of Claude Fran¨ois Mˇnestrier,

 

 

 

 

 

 

Histoire du Roy Louis le Grand par les

 

 

 

 

 

 

mˇdailles, p. 18.

 

 

 

 

 

1663

Marsal returned to the King

J. Mauger

Norbert

[73]

 

 

 

The medal commemorating this event in

 

Roettiers

 

 

 

 

the 1702 catalogue has a different

 

 

 

 

 

 

reverse; this reverse is recorded in the

 

 

 

 

 

 

1723 catalogue.

 

 

 

 

 

1663

The Motto of the King

J. Mauger

 

74

 

 

1663

Alliance with the Swiss

J. Mauger

 

76

 

 

1664

Peace of Pisa

J. Mauger

Jean LeBlanc

[77]

 

 

 

This medal was not in the 1702 series,

 

 

 

 

 

 

but was added in the 1723 catalogue as

 

 

 

 

 

 

#77, with the correct date 1664; the

 

 

 

 

 

 

actual medal, however, reads erroneously MDCLIV: 1654.

 

 

 

 

 

1664

Audience of Legate for Corsican Crimes

J. Mauger

 

79

 

 

1664

Erfurt returned to the Elector of Mainz

J. Mauger

 

80

 

 

1665

Military reviews

J. Mauger

 

85

 

 

1666

Death of the Queen Mother

J. Mauger

 

86

 

 

1666

Establishment of the Academy of Science

J. Mauger

 

88

 

SOLD

1666

Aid given to the Dutch

J. Mauger

 

89

 

 

1666

Defrauders of goods punished

J. Mauger

 

92

 

 

1667

The new law code

J. Mauger

 

94

 

 

1667

The Flanders Campaign

J. Mauger

Thomas Bernard

95

 

 

1667

Capture of Tournai and Courtrai

J. Mauger

 

96

 

 

1667

Capture of Douai

J. Mauger

 

97

 

 

1667

Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture

J. Mauger 

Thomas Bernard

102

 

 

1668

Pyramid in Rome taken down by Clement IX

 

 

109

 

 

1669

Manufactures

 

 

[110]

 

SOLD

 

This event does not appear in the 1702

 

Jean Le Blanc

 

 

 

 

catalogue; it is in the 1723 catalogue as

 

 

 

 

 

 

#110.

 

 

 

 

 

1669

Protector of Public Security

J. Mauger

 

112

 

 

1669

King of Poland Jan II Kazimir received

 

 

113

 

 

1670

Lorraine taken

 

 

115

 

 

1671

Academy of Architecture instituted

 

Jean Le Blanc

[116]

 

SOLD

 

This event does not appear in the 1702

 

 

 

 

 

 

catalogue; it is in the 1723 catalogue as

 

 

 

 

 

 

#116.

 

 

 

 

 

1672

The King protector of the Acadˇmie

J. Mauger

 

119

 

SOLD

 

Fran¨aise

 

 

 

 

 

1672

Four Rhineland cities taken

J. Mauger

 

[121]

Obverse

 

 

The reverse illustrated in the 1702 and

 

 

 

die break

 

 

1723 catalogues has the Roman

 

 

 

 

 

 

numeral IV in the legend and the exergue is horizontal; this variant

 

 

 

 

 

 

has IIII and a curved exergual legend.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1672

The Yssel abandoned by the enemy

 

 

124

 

 

1672

Raising the siege of Woerden

J. Mauger

 

127

 

 

1672

The storehouses

 

 

128

 

 

1672

Raising the siege of Charleroi

J. Mauger

Thomas Bernard

129

 

 

1673

Capture of Maastricht

J. Mauger

 

131

 

 

1673

The Acadˇmie Fran¨aise at the Louvre

 

 

 

 

SOLD

 

Neither this event nor the reverse

 

 

 

 

 

 

appears in either the 1702 or the

 

 

 

 

 

 

1732 catalogue.

 

 

 

 

 

1674

Second capture of Besan¨on

J. Mauger

 

133

 

 

1674

Second capture of D™le

J. Mauger

 

134

 

 

1674

Battle of Seneffe

J. Mauger

 

137

 

 

1675

Rescue of Messina

J. Mauger

 

144

 

 

1675

Capture of Huy and Dinant

J. Mauger

 

145

 

 

1675

Combat near Althenheim

J. Mauger

 

147

 

 

1676

The Invalides

J. Mauger

 

151

 

SOLD

1676

Capture of Bouchon

J. Mauger

 

154

 

 

1676

Naval battle of Palermo

J. Mauger

 

155

 

 

1677

Capture of Valenciennes

J. Mauger

 

160

 

 

1677

Capture of Cambrai

J. Mauger

 

162

 

 

1677

Capture of Saint-Omer

J. Mauger

 

163

 

 

1677

Defeat of the Spaniards in Catalonia

J. Mauger

 

164

 

 

1677

Lifting of the second siege of Charleroi

J. Dollin

 

165

 

 

1677

Capture of Saint-Ghislain

J. Dollin

 

168

 

 

1678

Expedition to Ghent

J. Mauger

 

169

 

 

1678

Capture of Lewe

J. Mauger

 

172   

 

 

1678

Capture of Puigcerda

J. Mauger

 

173

 

 

1679

Marriage of Marie-Louise to Carlos II

J. Mauger

 

177

 

 

1679

Peace of the North

J. Mauger

Joseph Roettiers

178

 

 

1680

Submission of Alsace

J. Mauger

 

179

 

 

1680

Marriage of the Dauphin

J. Mauger

 

180

 

 

1680

Port of Toulon

J. Dollin

 

182

 

 

1680

60,000 seamen enlisted

J. Mauger

 

183

 

 

1681

Casale restored

J. Mauger

 

187

 

 

1681

Port of Brest

J. Mauger

 

189

 

 

1682

Companies of Cadets established

J. Mauger

 

191

 

 

1682

The King condemns himself

J. Mauger

 

192

 

 

1682

Birth of Duke of Burgundy

J. Mauger

 

193

 

 

1683

Death of the Queen

J. Mauger

 

196

 

 

1683

Royal apartments at Versailles

J. Mauger

 

198

 

SOLD

1683

800 young sailors enrolled

J. Mauger

 

199

 

 

1683

Birth of the Duke of Anjou

J. Mauger

 

[200]

 

 

 

In the illustrations in both the 1702 and

 

 

 

 

 

 

1723 catalogues, the bust of the

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dauphin on the reverse faces left; on the medal it faces right; the exergue

 

 

 

 

 

 

varies as well.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1684

Twenty-year cease-fire

J. Mauger

 

205

 

 

1684

Return of contribution to Spaniards

J. Mauger

 

206

 

 

1685

Liberality of the King

J. Mauger

Joseph Roettiers

208

 

 

1685

Calvinist temples demolished

Jean Dollin

 

211

 

 

 

This is one of the few medals in the

 

 

 

 

 

 

Series featuring Christian rather than

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pagan symbolism, but the Calvinist

 

 

 

 

 

 

temple is depicted as an ancient ruin.

 

 

 

 

 

1687

Recovery of the King

Jean Dollin

Norbert Roettiers

218

 

 

1687

Festival at the H™tel de Ville

J. Mauger

 

219

 

 

1687

Maison Royale de Saint Cyr

J. Mauger

 

220

 

SOLD

1688

Philippsburg taken

J. Mauger

 

222

 

 

1690

Battle of Fleurus

J. Mauger

 

228

 

 

1690

Naval Battle

J. Mauger

 

229

 

 

1690

Conquest of Savoie

J. Mauger

 

230

 

 

1690

Three Victories

J. Mauger

 

231

 

 

1691

Capture of Nice

J. Mauger

 

236

 

 

1691

Nice and Mons Taken

J. Mauger

 

237

 

 

1691

Battle of Leuze

J. Mauger

 

238

 

 

1692

Battle of Steenkerque

J. Mauger

 

241

 

 

1692

Battle of Steenkerque

J. Mauger

 

242

 

 

1693

Capture of Furnes and Dixmude

J. Mauger

 

245

 

 

1693

Defeat of the Smyrna fleet

J. Mauger

 

248

 

 

1693

Defeat of the Smyrna fleet

J. Mauger

 

248

gilt

 

1693

Battle of Nerwinde

J. Mauger

 

249

 

 

1693

Battle of Marsal near Turin

J. Mauger

 

250

 

 

1693

Capture of Charleroi

J. Mauger

 

251

 

 

1693

Splendor of the Navy

J. Mauger

 

251

 

 

1694

Capture of Girona

J. Mauger

 

256

 

 

1694

Defeat of the English at Brest

J. Mauger

 

257

 

 

1694

France supplied with grain

J. Mauger

 

258

 

 

1694

Dauphin at the Pont dÕEspierre

J. Mauger

 

259

 

 

1696

Dutch Fleet defeated at Texel

J. Mauger

 

263

 

 

1696

Campaign of 1696

J. Mauger

 

264

 

 

1697

Capture of Ath

J. Mauger

 

266

 

 

1697

Capture of Barcelona

J. Mauger

 

267

 

 

1697

France continually victorious

J. Mauger

 

270

 

 

1697

Peace of Rijswijk

J. Mauger

Joseph Roettiers

272

 

 

1697

Peace of Rijswijk

J. Mauger

Joseph Roettiers

274

 

 

1697

Peace of Rijswijk

J. Mauger

Joseph Roettiers

274

Reverse

 

 

 

 

 

 

flan crack

 

1697

Marriage of the Duke of Burgundy

J. Mauger

 

275

 

 

1698

Camp of Compeigne

J. Mauger

 

277

 

 

1699

Equestrian Stature of the King in Paris

J. Mauger

 

278

 

 

 

In the illustrations in both the 1702 and

 

 

 

 

 

 

1723 catalogues, the statue of the King

 

 

 

 

 

 

on the reverse faces left; on the medal it faces right.

 

 

 

 

 

1699

Homage of the Duke of Lorraine

J. Mauger

 

279

 

 

1700

Edict against imposters

J. Mauger

 

281

 

 

1700

Edict against luxury

J. Mauger

 

282

 

 

1700

The Chamber of Commerce

J. Mauger

 

283

 

 

1700

The Duke of Anjou on the Spanish throne

J. Mauger

 

284

 

 

1700

The Duke of Anjou on the Spanish throne

J. Mauger

Thomas Bernard

285

 

 

1713

The Peace of Utrecht

Thomas Bernard

Joseph C.

 

Gilt,

 

 

Not in the 1723 Catalogue; in Pax in

 

Roettiers

 

partially

 

 

Nummis as #434.

 

 

 

worn off

 

1715

The Constancy of the King

J. Mauger

 

316

 

 

 

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Paul Bosco Coins and Medals